Fetal Cardiac Interventions: Where Do We Stand?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Feb;113(2):121-128

Fetal cardiac intervention (FCI) is a novel and evolving technique that allows for in utero treatment of a subset of congenital heart disease.

Fetal cardiac intervention (FCI) is a novel and evolving technique that allows for in utero treatment of a subset of congenital heart disease. This review describes the rationale, selection criteria, technical features, and current outcomes for the three most commonly performed FCI: fetal aortic stenosis with evolving hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS); HLHS with intact or restrictive atrial septum; and pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, with concern for worsening right ventricular (RV) hypoplasia.