Viscoelastic Hemostatic Assays: Update on Technology and Clinical Applications

Am J Hematol. 2021 Oct 1;96(10):1331-1337

Viscoelastic hemostatic assays (VHA) are point of care tests that allow for a global assessment of coagulation using whole blood. The technology to allow this assessment has evolved from the original thromboelastography (TEG, Haemonetic, Boston, MA) to now include thromboelastometry (ROTEM, Instrumentation Laboratory, Bedford, MA), and, most recently, the Quantra Hemostasis Analyzer (Hemosonics, Charlottesville, VA). Diagnosis and treatment algorithms incorporating viscoelastic hemostatic tests for bleeding patients in a variety of clinical situations have now been developed. The original ROTEM and TEG technologies have been updated with emphasis placed on a cartridge-based technologies. Results from the new devices show good correlation with those from the previous versions of the devices, while cartridge-based technology has increased device stability and enhanced portability to the bedside. In this article, we will review recent advances in TEG and ROTEM technology and introduce the Quantra Hemostasis Analyzer device.