Utility of Gas Inlet Pressure Monitoring in Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Int J Artif Organs. 2021 May;44(5):332-339

Purpose

Purpose: Condensation that clogs the hollow fibers of the oxygenation and accumulation of plasma leaks reduces oxygenated lung capacity. In this study, artificial We evaluated whether monitoring changes in lung gas inlet pressure was a way to predict these complications.

Methods

Changes in gas inlet pressure and oxygenation capacity of three different prostheses (BIOCUBE6000, EXCELUNG PRIME, and Capiox-LX) Evaluated the relationship. When simulating plasma leakage using BIOCUBE6000, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) (1%, 0.1%, A solution of 0.01%, and RO water) reduced surface tension. During 120 minutes of circulation, changes in gas inlet pressure and leakage from the membrane into the gas flow path The amount of fluid was measured.

Results

There was a significant negative correlation between the gas inlet pressure changes and the oxygenation capacity of all three oxygenators (BIOCUBE6000: R2 = 0.957, EXCELUNG PRIME: R2 = 0.946, Capiox-LX: R2 = 0.878). After 120 min of SDS solution circulation using the BIOCUBE6000, both the gas inlet pressure and the volume of fluid leaking from the membrane into the gas flow path increased in proportion to the SDS solution concentration: RO water (0.56 ± 0.11 mmHg and 16.67 mL ± 0.94 mL), 0.01% SDS (0.98 ± 0.11 mmHg and 23.3 ± 0.47 mL,) 0.1% SDS (1.64 ± 0.21 mmHg and 29.0 ± 1.63 mL), and 1%SDS (14.3 ± 0.27 mmHg and 36.7 ± 0.47 mL) (n = 3).

Conclusion

This study confirmed that monitoring the gas inlet pressure changes of an oxygenator during ECMO is clinically useful.