Urgent Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery Supported by Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Report of Two Cases

Perfusion. 2021 Mar 31. Online ahead of print

Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices, especially veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) devices, are increasingly used to shore complex cardiac procedures in high-risk patients. We are reporting two cases where patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under support of VA-ECMO in the setting of cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. The patients had different courses, but both survived the initial insult and were weaned successively from VA-ECMO. Our report indicates that VA-ECMO can be used instead of the cardiopulmonary bypass machine (CPB) to support the circulation during CABG surgery in patients with complex coronary anatomy and unstable haemodynamics. Future studies focusing on the long-term outcomes of such patients will probably help to establish the optimal management of this type of patients.