This is in answer to a previous question posted regarding Tranexamic Dosing Protocols:
Dosing Implications: (see last article below for source)
- A 10 mg/kg initial dose of tranexamic acid
- Followed by an infusion of 1 mg.kg(-1).h(-1) produced plasma concentrations throughout the cardiopulmonary bypass period sufficient to inhibit fibrinolysis in vitro.
Does anybody have protocols for using Tranexamic Acid in Lieu of Amicar?
Source: Perfusion Line
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Intracranial Bleeding Issues?
Source: Crash2 Study
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Dosing Adjustments for Renal Insufficiencey
Source: PubMed (Click Here)
Although tranexamic acid is used to reduce bleeding after cardiac surgery, there is large variation in the recommended dose, and few studies of plasma concentrations of the drug during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) have been performed. The plasma tranexamic acid concentration reported to inhibit fibrinolysis in vitro is 10 microg/mL. Twenty-one patients received an initial dose of 10 mg/kg given over 20 min followed by an infusion of 1 mg. kg(-1). h(-1) via a central venous catheter. Two patients were removed from the study secondary to protocol violation. Perioperative plasma tranexamic acid concentrations were measured with high-performance liquid chromatography.
Plasma tranexamic acid concentrations (microg/mL; mean +/- SD [95% confidence interval]) were 37.4 +/- 16.9 (45.5, 29.3) after bolus, 27.6 +/- 7.9 (31.4, 23.8) after 5 min on CPB, 31.4 +/- 12.1 (37.2, 25.6) after 30 min on CPB, 29.2 +/- 9.0 (34.6, 23.8) after 60 min on CPB, 25.6 +/- 18.6 (35.1, 16.1) at discontinuation of tranexamic acid infusion, and 17.7 +/- 13.1 (24.1, 11.1) 1 h after discontinuation of tranexamic acid infusion.
Four patients with renal insufficiency had increased concentrations of tranexamic acid at discontinuation of the drug. Repeated-measures analysis revealed a significant main effect of abnormal creatinine concentration (P = 0.02) and time (P < 0.001) on plasma tranexamic acid concentration and a significant time x creatinine concentration interaction (P < 0.001).
A 10 mg/kg initial dose of tranexamic acid followed by an infusion of 1 mg.kg(-1).h(-1)produced plasma concentrations throughout the cardiopulmonary bypass period sufficient to inhibit fibrinolysis in vitro.
The dosing of tranexamic acid may require adjustment for renal insufficiency.