The 10th annual Sanibel Symposium will be held on April 14-17th, 2021. Please be advised that the Sanibel Symposium will be fully online and webcast again next year.

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We demonstrated GME formation and decay dynamics during in vitro circulation in an ECLS system with blood and glycerol. GME counts were higher in blood, likely due to varying rheological properties. There were decreases in GME levels post membrane in both groups after GME injection, with the membrane lung effectively trapping the GME, and additional reduction 10 minutes after GME injection.

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The present findings suggested that about half of adult patients with severe COVID-19–related ARDS can be managed successfully with ECMO with sustained results at six months. Decreased arterial pH before ECMO was associated significantly with early mortality. Therefore, the authors hypothesized that initiation of ECMO therapy before severe metabolic derangements subset may improve survival rates significantly in these patients. These results should be viewed in the light of a strict patient selection policy and may not be replicated in patients with advanced age or multiple comorbidities.

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While the initial COVID surge in NYC brought many unexpected challenges, it also provided unique opportunity. The pandemic opened a window to explore the limits of medical therapy for a devastating disease, compelling many to test the limits of ECMO as a tool to help the sickest patients. Through team-work and dedication excellent outcomes can…

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ARDS is a severe disease with a high mortality rate despite ECLS therapy. Although endpoints and timing of the evaluations differed from those of the CESAR and EOLIA studies and the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry, the reported mortality in these studies was lower than in the present analysis. Further prospective analyses are necessary to evaluate outcomes in ECMO therapy at the centre volume level.

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This first, community-wide ECMO-facilitated resuscitation program in the US demonstrated 100% successful cannulation, 43% functionally favorable survival rates at hospital discharge and 3 months, as well as safety. The program provides a potential model of this approach for other communities.

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The blood oxygenation performance was assessed using animal sheep blood, and the fabricated fluoropolymer membranes showed competitive performance to that of commercial polyolefin membranes without any detectable hemolysis. The data also confirmed that the bottleneck in the blood oxygenation performance was not the membrane permeance but rather the rate of mass transfer in the blood phase, highlighting the importance of efficient module design.

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Although there is limited evidence of the benefit of a combined use of mechanical support (VA-ECMO with other mechanical devices) in the management of cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest following CABG surgery, there seems to be a lower mortality with this approach, and possibly more favourable neurological outcomes. Further research is needed to elucidate the advantages of Impella vs. intra-aortic balloon pump combined with VA-ECMO in such patients.

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