Minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation for coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with a reduced requirement for blood transfusion, reduced incidence of acute kidney injury and a significant cost saving. Minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation should be considered as an adjunct for all patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

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Bivalirudin is an inhibitor of thrombin, an essential factor within the coagulation cascade crucial to thrombus formation.

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