The 10th annual Sanibel Symposium will be held on April 14-17th, 2021. Please be advised that the Sanibel Symposium will be fully online and webcast again next year.

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2020 World Heart and Cardiothoracic Surgery Conference (2020WHCS) is a premiere educational Heart Congress in the field of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Cardiology that rotate between continents and are organized in collaboration with national and international Cardiac societies and associations.

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Japanes Art

In Japan, perfusionists who work on other clinical tasks are involved in cardiopulmonary bypass. Moreover, the number of cases they can perform is limited. In view of this situation, valve type semi-closed extracorporeal circulation (VACC) was developed as a system that enables extracorporeal circulation (ECC) regardless of perfusionists’ experience.

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Microcirculatory perfusion did not differ between obese and lean patients the day before surgery. CPB decreased microcirculatory perfusion with 9% in both groups, but this was only significant in lean patients (p < 0.05). Three days following surgery, microcirculatory perfusion was restored in both groups. In conclusion, microcirculatory perfusion was equally disturbed during cardiac surgery with CPB in metabolically healthy obese patients compared to lean patients.

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pump knob

Autologous PRP can be safely collected by drawing blood from the CPB circuit, platelet count and aggregation ability significantly decreased after CPB including autologous PRP collection. Some improvement was detected in the number of the platelets count and platelet aggregation ability by administrating an autologous PRP even if autologous PRP is collected from CPB circuit.

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Our document should be the basis of future Task Forces to develop a more comprehensive consensus considering new evidence uncovered during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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During routine CPB, high-dose unfractionated heparin (UFH) prevents consumptive coagulopathy and the formation of thrombi within the CPB circuit and the patient’s circulation. Prior treatment with andexanet alfa can pose difficulties in achieving adequate anticoagulation during CPB with UFH. The administration of antithrombin, in combination with UFH, may overcome these difficulties.

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The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has focused attention on prevention, restriction and treatment methods that are acceptable worldwide. This means that they should be simple and inexpensive. This review examines the possible role of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) antithrombotics in the treatment of COVID-19. The pathophysiology of this disease reveals a complex interplay between the hemostatic and immune systems that can be readily disrupted by SARS-CoV-2.

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Results from this exploratory, hypothesis-generating retrospective, observational study shows that fHb ratio at the end of CPB might be used as a novel, widely applicable biomarker for AKI. The use of fHb ratio might help for an early detection of AKI, compared with prediction based only on urinary biomarkers.

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In our study, it was observed that b-ACP procedure exhibited shorter CPB time, milder hypothermia, shorter ventilation time, lower incidence of postoperative hypoxia, and neurological dysfunction compared to u-ACP. Meanwhile, the incidence of ND was independently associated with three factors: preoperative neurological dysfunction, CPB time, and type of cerebral perfusion.

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