perfusion screen

Pre-pump autologous blood collection may reduce the need for intraoperative transfusion of allogenic non–red-cell blood products in patients undergoing complex aortic surgery with hypothermic circulatory arrest. A larger study is needed to clarify the influence of this association on patient outcomes and resource utilization.

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Here, we evaluate the benefit of CS in a large number of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery at a designated PBM centre. We hypothesised that the use of CS is associated with a decreased proportion of patients exposed to RBC transfusion as an individual measure in a comprehensive PBM program.

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Based on the pooled results of the available literature, RAP is associated with a significant reduction in intraoperative and whole hospital allogeneic red cell transfusion. Use of RAP may prevent hemodilution of cardiac surgical patients and thus, lessen transfusions. Additional high-quality prospective studies are necessary to determine the ideal priming volume necessary to confer the greatest benefit without incurring organ injury.

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The CWA is currently used for many applications in the clinical setting, including the monitoring of hemophilia patients and patients receiving anticoagulant therapy and the differential diagnosis of diseases.

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The use of a bloodless protocol for Jehovah’s Witnesses does not appear to significantly impact upon clinical outcomes when compared to non-Witness patients, and it has even been suggested that a bloodless approach could provide advantages to all patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Larger cohorts and research across multiple centres into the long term outcomes of these patients is required.

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We estimate that patients with secondary polycythemia may benefit from acute normovolemic hemodilution to reduce their hematocrit levels while undergoing cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. However, it is necessary to control the hematocrit level, since a significant decrease can cause side effects.

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