Relative to first-time (primary) cardiac surgery, revision cardiac surgery is associated with increased transfusion requirements, but studies comparing these cohorts were performed before patient blood management (PBM) and blood conservation measures were commonplace. The current study was performed as an update to determine if this finding is still evident in the PBM era.

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In cardiac surgical patients it is a complex challenge to find the ideal balance between anticoagulation and hemostasis. Preoperative anemia and perioperative higher transfusion rates are related to increased morbidity and mortality. Patient blood management (PBM) is an evidence based patient specific individualized protocol used in the perioperative setting in order to reduce perioperative bleeding and transfusion rates and to improve patient outcomes.

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