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Mini-extracorporeal Circulation Surgery Produces Less Inflammation than Off-pump Coronary Surgery

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2019 Oct 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Both off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (OPCABG) and mini-extracorporeal circulation (MECC) have been associated with lower morbidity and mortality and less inflammation than conventional cardiopulmonary bypass.

Objectives

Both off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (OPCABG) and mini-extracorporeal circulation (MECC) have been associated with lower morbidity and mortality and less inflammation than conventional cardiopulmonary bypass. However, studies comparing the 2 techniques are scarce and the results are controversial. We compared the clinical outcomes and inflammatory response of low-risk patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting with MECC versus OPCABG.

Methods

We conducted a prospective, randomized study in patients undergoing coronary heart surgery. Two hundred and thirty consecutive low-risk patients were randomly assigned to either receive OPCABG (n = 117) or MECC (n = 113). Clinical outcomes and postoperative biochemical results were analysed in both groups. We also analysed 19 circulating inflammatory markers in a subgroup of 40 patients at 4 perioperative time points. The area under the curve for each marker was calculated to monitor differences in the inflammatory response.

Results

No significant differences were found between groups regarding perioperative clinical complications and no deaths occurred during the trial. Plasma levels in 9 of the 19 inflammatory markers were undetectable or showed no temporal variation, 3 were higher in the MECC group [interleukin (IL)-10, macrophage inflammatory protein-1β and epidermal growth factor] and 7 were higher in the OPCABG group (growth regulator oncogene, IL-6, IL-8, soluble CD40 ligand, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 and tumour necrosis factor-α). Differences in 2 proinflammatory cytokines, IL-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, between the 2 surgical procedures were statistically significant.

Conclusions

No clinical differences were observed between in low-risk patients undergoing MECC or OPCABG surgery, but OPCABG was associated with an increased release of proinflammatory cytokines compared with MECC. Studies in larger cohorts and in patients at higher risk are needed to confirm these findings.

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