Comparison of the Effects of Ringer’s Lactate and 6% Hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0.4 on Blood Loss and Need for Blood Transfusion After Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Cardiac Surgery

Cureus. 2021 Jun 30;13(6):e16049

Background

Infusion of crystalloids fluid replacement therapy tends to cause a greater expansion of intravascular volume. However, colloids can affect blood coagulation leading to greater blood loss and transfusion requirements. This study compared the intraoperative and postoperative blood loss with Ringer’s lactate (RL) versus 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 as infusion fluid during cardiac surgery.

Methods

Eighty adult male and female patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were randomly assigned to receive either RL or 6% HES 130/0.4 20 ml/kg during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OP-CABG) surgery. Intraoperative blood loss and 24 hours postoperative chest tube drainage were the primary outcomes. Simultaneously, blood transfusions, thromboelastometry variables, total fluid requirement, renal function, and intensive care unit (ICU) stay were assessed.

Results

The intraoperative blood loss was similar (p > 0.05) with HES (716 ml) and RL (658 ml). Postoperative chest tube drainage was higher (p < 0.05) with HES (513 ml) as against RL (449 ml). The total fluid requirement was higher in the RL group. Alteration of thromboelastometry variables, renal function, and ICU stay was comparable between the two groups. Postoperative chest tube drainage was less with the use of RL during cardiac surgery. A lesser total fluid requirement in the HES group did not lead to any improvement in renal function and the length of ICU stay.

Conclusions

Crystalloids (RL) provide similar outcomes to HES and can be used as substitutes to colloids during cardiac surgery. However, further large-scale multicenter studies with varied indications can be suggested to substantiate the equivalence of crystalloids to colloids in perioperative management.