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Extended Indications for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in the Operating Room

As the number of indications for ECLS in the operating room is growing, anesthesiology and surgical staff should become familiar with the perioperative management of patients on ECLS.

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2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Use of Advanced Airways, Vasopressors, and Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Cardiac Arrest: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care

The fundamentals of cardiac resuscitation include the immediate provision of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with rapid defibrillation (as appropriate).

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Peripheral Cannulae Selection for Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Life Support: a Paradox

The M-number and dynamic similarity based model allow for reliable prediction of peripheral cannula pressure drop with changes of fluid viscosity and could therefore aid in well-thought-out selection of cannulae for extracorporeal life support.

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: The New Jack-of-All-Trades?

In this review, the authors provide a panoramic view of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to provide a foundation of knowledge for anesthesiologists.

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A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Extracorporeal-CPR Versus Conventional-CPR for Adult Patients in Cardiac Arrest

ECPR is a sophisticated treatment option which may improve outcomes in a selected patient population in refractory cardiac arrest.

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Targeted Temperature Management in Patients Undergoing Extracorporeal Life Support After Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: An EURO-ELSO 2018 Annual Conference Survey

Targeted temperature management and extracorporeal life support, particularly extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, represent outcome-enhancing strategies for patients following in- and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

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Postcardiotomy Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Patients Aged 70 Years or Older

There is uncertainty whether venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) should be used in older patients with cardiopulmonary failure after cardiac surgery.

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Predictive Value of Scoring Tools in Determining Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia in Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

There are currently no scoring tools validated for use in predicting heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest: a Registry Study

Adding extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (extracorporeal-CPR) is increasingly used in an attempt to improve outcomes.

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Effect of Blood Flow on Platelets, Leukocytes, and Extracellular Vesicles in Thrombosis of Simulated Neonatal Extracorporeal Circulation

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has frequent and sometimes lethal thrombotic complications.

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Structured Review of Post-cardiotomy Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 2—Pediatric Patients

This report, aims to present a comprehensive overview of the available literature informing patient selection, ECMO management, and in-hospital and early post-discharge outcomes in pediatric patients treated with ECMO for post-cardiotomy cardiorespiratory failure.

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Structured Review of Post-cardiotomy Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 1—Adult Patients

This report, aims to present a comprehensive overview of the literature with respect to the prevalence of ECMO use, patient characteristics, ECMO management, and in-hospital and early post-discharge patient outcomes for those treated for post-cardiotomy heart, lung, or heart-lung failure.

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Extracorporeal Life Support in Myocardial Infarction-Induced Cardiogenic Shock: Weaning Success

Emergency ECLS is a valuable option among patients with AMI-induced CS with low and intermediate IABP-SHOCK II risk scores.

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Microcirculation Evolution in Patients on Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Refractory Cardiogenic Shock

Microcirculation is severely impaired in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock requiring venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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Early and Long-Term Outcomes Comparing Neonates, Infants, and Preadolescents Requiring Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Heart Failure

Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a lifesaving therapeutic chance for pediatric patients in the setting of either failure to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass or failed resuscitation from cardiac arrest.

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A Novel Adaptor System Enables Endovascular Access Through Extracorporeal Life Support Circuits

Extracorporeal life support has traditionally been used as a supportive platform for patients with cardiopulmonary failure.

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High Hemoglobin Level As a Limiting Factor for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

We report the case of a 47 year old male who developed acute respiratory distress syndrome after bariatric surgery, requiring a venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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Impact of Age on Outcomes of Patients Assisted by Veno-arterial or Veno-venous Extra-corporeal Membrane Oxygenation: 403 Patients Between 2005 and 2015

Patients older than 65 years have higher mortality after veno-arterial extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation or veno-venous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation.

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Acquired von Willebrand Syndrome in Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Patients: A Single Institution’s Experience

Describe the prevalence of acquired von Willebrand syndrome in pediatric patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation deemed to be at increased risk for the disease in our institution.

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Anti-Factor Xa–Based Anticoagulation during Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Potential Problems and Possible Solutions

Choices for monitoring of unfractionated heparin (UFH) anticoagulation in extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients include activated clotting time, activated partial thromboplastin time, reaction times of viscoelastic tests, and anti-factor Xa activity.

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How I Wean Patients From Veno-venous Extra-corporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Identifying patients who are ready for weaning and liberation from veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is challenging in clinical practice.

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Ultra-high Pre-membrane Lung Oxygen Saturation in a Patient on Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

A 55-year-old man who suffered from acute myocardial infarction complicated with cardiogenic shock was administered veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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High-efficiency, High-flux In-line Hemofiltration Using a High Blood Flow Extracorporeal Circuit

The ability of current renal replacement therapy modalities to achieve rapid solute removal is limited by membrane surface area and blood flow rate.

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Life-threatening Massive Pulmonary Embolism

In massive pulmonary embolism (PE) with circulatory collapse or with cardiac arrest, treatment can be difficult.

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