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Extracorporeal Resuscitation with Carbon Monoxide Improves Renal Function by Targeting Inflammatory Pathways in Cardiac Arrest in Pigs

Our data demonstrate improved renal function by extracorporeal CO treatment in a porcine model of cardiac arrest.

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Antithrombin Supplementation in Adult Patients Receiving Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Therapeutic anticoagulation occurred more frequently following antithrombin supplementation; however, this difference was not statistically significant. More bleeding events occurred following antithrombin supplementation while observing an increase in platelet transfusions.

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Use of Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Treatment of Malignant Hyperthermia

This suggests the potential for CPB or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a possible treatment for the symptoms of MH.


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Pregnant and Postpartum Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can be considered as an acceptable salvage therapy for pregnant and postpartum patients with critical cardiac or pulmonary illness.


Veno-Arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Cardiogenic Shock: An Introduction for the Busy Clinician

We provide a practical review for cardiovascular clinicians on the application of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adult patients with cardiogenic shock


Predictors for Acute and Chronic Renal Failure and Survival in Patients Supported with Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

In this study, we investigated the occurrence of acute and chronic kidney failure in veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients as well as predictors for survival.

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Outcomes of Infants Supported With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Using Centrifugal Versus Roller Pumps: An Analysis From the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry

In this propensity score–matched cohort study of 8,366 extracorporeal membrane oxygenation recipients weighing less than 10 kg, those supported with centrifugal pumps had increased mortality and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation complications.


Changing Risk of In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Children Following Cardiac Surgery in Victoria, Australia, 2007–2016

The IHCA rate following cardiac surgery has more than halved over the last decade; children who experience IHCA also have lower mortality than in previous years.

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Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Neck Cannulation: A Fixation Strategy Without Tourniquets

This article is focused on the peripheral neck cannulation technique.


Anticoagulation Management and Antithrombin Supplementation Practice during Veno-venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A Worldwide Survey

There is large practice variation among institutions regarding anticoagulation management and antithrombin supplementation during veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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Prophylactic Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Patients Undergoing High-risk Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

VA-ECMO in high-risk PCI is feasible with a good outcome. It can be successfully used for cardiopulmonary support in selected patients.


Extended Indications for Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in the Operating Room

As the number of indications for ECLS in the operating room is growing, anesthesiology and surgical staff should become familiar with the perioperative management of patients on ECLS.


2019 American Heart Association Focused Update on Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: Use of Advanced Airways, Vasopressors, and Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation During Cardiac Arrest: An Update to the American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care

The fundamentals of cardiac resuscitation include the immediate provision of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation combined with rapid defibrillation (as appropriate).


Peripheral Cannulae Selection for Veno-arterial Extracorporeal Life Support: a Paradox

The M-number and dynamic similarity based model allow for reliable prediction of peripheral cannula pressure drop with changes of fluid viscosity and could therefore aid in well-thought-out selection of cannulae for extracorporeal life support.

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: The New Jack-of-All-Trades?

In this review, the authors provide a panoramic view of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to provide a foundation of knowledge for anesthesiologists.


A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Extracorporeal-CPR Versus Conventional-CPR for Adult Patients in Cardiac Arrest

ECPR is a sophisticated treatment option which may improve outcomes in a selected patient population in refractory cardiac arrest.


Targeted Temperature Management in Patients Undergoing Extracorporeal Life Support After Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: An EURO-ELSO 2018 Annual Conference Survey

Targeted temperature management and extracorporeal life support, particularly extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, represent outcome-enhancing strategies for patients following in- and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.


Postcardiotomy Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Patients Aged 70 Years or Older

There is uncertainty whether venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) should be used in older patients with cardiopulmonary failure after cardiac surgery.


Predictive Value of Scoring Tools in Determining Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia in Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

There are currently no scoring tools validated for use in predicting heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest: a Registry Study

Adding extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (extracorporeal-CPR) is increasingly used in an attempt to improve outcomes.


Effect of Blood Flow on Platelets, Leukocytes, and Extracellular Vesicles in Thrombosis of Simulated Neonatal Extracorporeal Circulation

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has frequent and sometimes lethal thrombotic complications.

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Structured Review of Post-cardiotomy Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 2—Pediatric Patients

This report, aims to present a comprehensive overview of the available literature informing patient selection, ECMO management, and in-hospital and early post-discharge outcomes in pediatric patients treated with ECMO for post-cardiotomy cardiorespiratory failure.


Structured Review of Post-cardiotomy Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 1—Adult Patients

This report, aims to present a comprehensive overview of the literature with respect to the prevalence of ECMO use, patient characteristics, ECMO management, and in-hospital and early post-discharge patient outcomes for those treated for post-cardiotomy heart, lung, or heart-lung failure.


Extracorporeal Life Support in Myocardial Infarction-Induced Cardiogenic Shock: Weaning Success

Emergency ECLS is a valuable option among patients with AMI-induced CS with low and intermediate IABP-SHOCK II risk scores.