The Role of Race on Acute Kidney Injury Following Cardiac Surgery

Despite accounting for differences in risk factors and intra-operative practices, Black patients had a 50% increased odds for developing moderate-severe post-operative AKI compared to White patients. Additional evaluations are warranted to identify potential targets to address racial disparities in AKI outcomes.

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Research Trends and Hotspots of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: A 10-Year Bibliometric Study and Visualization Analysis

Inter-regional and inter-institutional cooperation and exchanges should be carried out among ECMO research teams and institutions. The suggested research direction is to further broaden the application scope of ECMO, while determining the ways to reduce the incidence of complications and the cost, cultivate specialized team talents, and promote the application thereof.

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ECMO Implantation Training: Needle Penetration in 3D Printable Materials and Porcine Aorta

Shore A 10 and 20 polymers have similar needle penetration properties compared to the porcine tissue. Significantly more force is needed to pierce through the material fully. The most similar tested material to porcine aorta for needle penetration and piercing in ECMO-implantation is the silicon Shore A 10 polymer. This silicon could be a 3D-printable material in surgical training for ECMO-implantation.

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Relationship Between the Degree of Carotid Stenosis and the Risk of Stroke in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

CS is an independent risk factor of post-operative stroke and/or TIA. This study suggests for the first time that the risk of stroke increases with the degree of severity of CS, with the greatest risk being for CS between 80-99%. The strength of this relationship and potential causality effect should be further explored in a prospective study focusing on this most at risk population.

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