Posts by Luc Puis

A Century of Heparin

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The year 2018 was the centennial of the naming of heparin by Emmett Holt and William Howell and the 102nd anniversary of Jay McLean’s discovery of an anticoagulant heparphosphatide at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.

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Nitric Oxide Attenuates the Inflammatory Effects of Air During Extracorporeal Circulation

Cardiopulmonary bypass causes a systemic inflammatory response reaction that may contribute to postoperative complications. One cause relates to the air/blood interface from the extracorporeal circuit. The modulatory effects of blending nitric oxide (NO) gas into the ventilation/sweep gas of the membrane lung was studied in a porcine model of air-induced inflammation in which NO gas was added and compared with controls with or without an air/blood interface.

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Study Protocol: Nitric Oxide During Cardiopulmonary Bypass to Improve Recovery in Infants With Congenital Heart Defects (NITRIC Trial): A Randomised Controlled Trial

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a major cause of infant mortality. Many infants with CHD require corrective surgery with most operations requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). CPB triggers a systemic inflammatory response which is associated with low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS), postoperative morbidity and mortality. Delivery of nitric oxide (NO) into CPB circuits can provide myocardial protection and reduce bypass-induced inflammation, leading to less LCOS and improved recovery.

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Discriminatory Power of Scoring Systems for Outcome Prediction in Patients With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Following Cardiovascular Surgery

Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) represents a rapidly evolving treatment option in patients with refractory heart or lung failure, survival remains poor and appropriate risk stratification challenging because established risk prediction models have not been validated for this specific population.

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In-vitro Performance of a Low Flow Extracorporeal Carbon Dioxide Removal Circuit

Extracorporeal gas exchange requires the passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide (CO2) across an artificial membrane. Current European Union regulations do not require the transfer to be assessed in models using clinically relevant haemoglobin, making it difficult for clinicians to understand the CO2 clearance of a membrane, and how it changes in relation to sweep gas flow through the membrane.

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Postoperative Pain Management in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Where Are We Heading?

Adequate postoperative pain management is crucial in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery because pain can lead to devastating short- and long-term consequences. This review discusses the limitations of current postoperative pain assessment and management in children after cardiac surgery, the obstacles to providing optimal treatment, and concepts to consider that may overcome these barriers.

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