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Mechanical or Biologic Prostheses for Aortic-Valve and Mitral-Valve Replacement
We compared long-term mortality and rates of reoperation, stroke, and bleeding between inverse-probability-weighted cohorts of patients who underwent primary aortic-valve replacement or mitral-valve replacement with a mechanical or biologic prosthesis in California in the period from 1996 through 2013.
Clinical Practice Guidelines– Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass
It is hoped that this guideline will serve as a resource and will stimulate investigators to conduct more research and expand upon the evidence base on the topic of anticoagulation for CPB.
Ex Vivo Lung Perfusion Review of a Revolutionary Technology
Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is widely expanding technology to assess and prepare the lungs who are considered marginal for transplantation.
Methylene Blue for Postcardiopulmonary Bypass Vasoplegic Syndrome: A Cohort Study
We sought to determine whether Methylene blue (MB) improved blood pressure in postcardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) vasoplegic syndrome (VS) in a complex cardiac surgery population. Furthermore, to determine variables that predicted response to MB.
Hospital Practice of Direct-Home Discharge and 30-Day Readmission After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology Transcatheter Valve Therapy (STS/ACC TVT) Registry
Nearly 17% of patients are readmitted within 30 days of discharge after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Selected patients are discharged to skilled nursing facilities, yet the association between a hospital’s practice to discharge home versus to skilled nursing facilities, and readmission remains unclear.
Sex Differences in the Utilization and Outcomes of Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement for Severe Aortic Stenosis
Studies assessing the differential impact of sex on outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) yielded conflicting results. We sought to investigate sex-related differences in AVR utilization, patient risk profile, and in-hospital outcomes using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.
Risk Factors of On-Pump Conversion during Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) procedures can avoid the complications of an on-pump bypass. However, some cases unexpectedly require conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass during OPCABG.
Are the Early Postoperative Outcomes of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery in Elderly Women Worse Compared to Men’s
This study investigated the impact of gender difference in early postoperative outcomes in elderly patients (aged 70 or older) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.
Acute Biventricular Mechanical Circulatory Support for Cardiogenic Shock
The aim of this study was to explore the clinical utility of percutaneously delivered BiPella as a novel acute mechanical support strategy for patients with cardiogenic shock complicated by biventricular failure.
Perioperative Body Weight Change is Associated with In-Hospital Mortality in Cardiac Surgical Patients with Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury
Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is common following cardiac surgery (CS). Body weight (BW) may be an amenable variable by representing the summation of the nutritional and the fluid status.
The Use of Intravenous Hydroxocobalamin as a Rescue in Methylene Blue-Resistant Vasoplegic Syndrome in Cardiac Surgery
Vasoplegic syndrome is a well-recognized complication during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially when refractory to conventional vasoconstrictor therapy.