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Predictive Value of Scoring Tools in Determining Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia in Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

There are currently no scoring tools validated for use in predicting heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest: a Registry Study

Adding extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (extracorporeal-CPR) is increasingly used in an attempt to improve outcomes.

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Single- Versus Multidose Cardioplegia in Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients: A Meta-analysis

Del Nido decreases operative times, reperfusion fibrillation, and surge of cardiac enzymes compared with multidose cardioplegia.


The Effect of Continuous Ventilation on Thiol-Disulphide Homeostasis and Albumin-Adjusted Ischemia-Modified Albumin During Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Continuous ventilation during CPB caused an increase in native and total thiol levels, an earlier return of AAIMA levels, and shorter hospital stay.


Effect of Blood Flow on Platelets, Leukocytes, and Extracellular Vesicles in Thrombosis of Simulated Neonatal Extracorporeal Circulation

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has frequent and sometimes lethal thrombotic complications.


Vacuum-assisted Venous Drainage in Adult Cardiac Surgery: a Propensity-matched Study

VAVD was associated with a reduction in blood product transfusions, and an increase in the risk of major morbidities and in-hospital deaths of the VAVD group was not observed.


Urine Microscopy as a Biomarker of Acute Kidney Injury Following Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass

RTEC and GC in urine sample detected by microscopy is a highly specific biomarker for early AKI diagnosis after cardiac surgery.

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Structured Review of Post-cardiotomy Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 2—Pediatric Patients

This report, aims to present a comprehensive overview of the available literature informing patient selection, ECMO management, and in-hospital and early post-discharge outcomes in pediatric patients treated with ECMO for post-cardiotomy cardiorespiratory failure.


Structured Review of Post-cardiotomy Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Part 1—Adult Patients

This report, aims to present a comprehensive overview of the literature with respect to the prevalence of ECMO use, patient characteristics, ECMO management, and in-hospital and early post-discharge patient outcomes for those treated for post-cardiotomy heart, lung, or heart-lung failure.


Malignant Hyperthermia: A Clinical Review

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a pharmacogenetic disease of skeletal muscle that presents as a progressively worsening hypermetabolic response in susceptible individuals exposed to triggering anesthetic agents.

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Association of Disposable Perioperative Jackets With Surgical Site Infections in a Large Multicenter Health Care Organization

The results of this study suggest that the use of perioperative disposable jackets is not associated with reductions in SSI for clean wounds in a large multicenter health care organization and presents a fiscal burden.

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Perioperative Blood Conservation: Guidelines to Practice

The formulation of clinical practice guidelines are complex, resource-intense processes for summarizing evidence-based best practices, yet alone are insufficient for translating guidelines to practice.


Extracorporeal Life Support in Myocardial Infarction-Induced Cardiogenic Shock: Weaning Success

Emergency ECLS is a valuable option among patients with AMI-induced CS with low and intermediate IABP-SHOCK II risk scores.

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Risk Prediction in Clinical Practice: A Practical Guide for Cardiothoracic Surgeons

The prediction of a patient’s risk for disease, death, or morbidity has become an ever more essential part of modern clinical care.


Increased Glucose Variability Is Associated With Major Adverse Events After Coronary Artery Bypass

Increased 24-hour but not 12-hour postoperative GV after CABG is a predictor of poor outcomes. Preoperative HbA1c is not associated with MAEs after adjusting for postoperative mean glucose and GV.


Microcirculation Evolution in Patients on Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Refractory Cardiogenic Shock

Microcirculation is severely impaired in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock requiring venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.


Effect of Fibrinogen Concentrate vs Cryoprecipitate on Blood Component Transfusion After Cardiac Surgery The FIBRES Randomized Clinical Trial

In patients undergoing cardiac surgery who develop clinically significant bleeding and hypofibrinogenemia after cardiopulmonary bypass, fibrinogen concentrate is noninferior to cryoprecipitate with regard to number of blood components transfused in a 24-hour period post bypass.


Early and Long-Term Outcomes Comparing Neonates, Infants, and Preadolescents Requiring Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Heart Failure

Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a lifesaving therapeutic chance for pediatric patients in the setting of either failure to wean from cardiopulmonary bypass or failed resuscitation from cardiac arrest.

Coronary Artery Bypass Confers Intermediate-Term Survival Benefit over Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with New-Generation Stents in Real-World Patients with Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease, Including Left Main Disease: A Retrospective Analysis of 6383 Patients

Coronary Artery Bypass Confers Intermediate-Term Survival Benefit over Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with New-Generation Stents in Real-World Patients with Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease, Including Left Main Disease: A Retrospective Analysis of 6383 Patients

In this contemporary cohort of real-world patients with MVD, CABG was associated with increased intermediate-term survival compared to PCI with new-generation drug-eluting stents.

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Antegrade Selective Cerebral Perfusion Reduced In-hospital Mortality and Permanent Focal Neurological Deficit in Patients with Elective Aortic Arch Surgery

Elective aortic arch surgery is associated with acceptable early and late outcomes. The ASCP is associated with a significant reduction in-hospital mortality and occurrence of permanent neurological deficits.


Miscategorization of Deaths in the US Food and Drug Administration Adverse Events Database

As the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) moves to hasten approval of medical devices, data from postmarketing studies and registries are increasingly relied on to inform decision-making.

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Epidemiology of Acute Kidney Injury Among Paediatric Patients After Repair of Anomalous Origin of the Left Coronary Artery From the Pulmonary Artery

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a prevalent complication after the surgical repair of paediatric cardiac defects and is associated with poor outcomes.


Novel Use of Cangrelor with Heparin During Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Patients with Heparin-induced Thrombocytopenia who Require Cardiovascular Surgery: A Case Series

Optimal anticoagulation strategy during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) remains uncertain in patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) who require urgent/emergent cardiac surgery.


Peak Creatinine, Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Mortality After Stage One Single-ventricle Reconstruction

It is important to identify therapies which minimise complications associated with prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass duration in high risk populations.

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