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Atrial Fibrillation After Surgical Revascularization: Is There Any Difference Between On-Pump and Off-Pump?

Atrial Fibrillation After Surgical Revascularization: Is There Any Difference Between On-Pump and Off-Pump?

There is no reduction of AF rate in myocardial revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass.

Extracorporeal Cardiac Shock Wave Therapy Markedly Ameliorates Ischemia-Induced Myocardial Dysfunction in Pigs in Vivo

Extracorporeal Cardiac Shock Wave Therapy Markedly Ameliorates Ischemia-Induced Myocardial Dysfunction in Pigs in Vivo

These results suggest that extracorporeal cardiac SW therapy is an effective and noninvasive therapeutic strategy for ischemic heart disease.

Intraoperative Use of Autologous Platelet-rich and Platelet-poor Plasma for Orthopedic Surgery Patients

Intraoperative Use of Autologous Platelet-rich and Platelet-poor Plasma for Orthopedic Surgery Patients

Abstract: As use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) increases for intraoperative care of a variety of patients, it is important for perioperative nurses to recognize their benefits. Autologous PRP may decrease postoperative drainage, reduce narcotic requirements, and facilitate an early return to mobility. Postoperatively, patients should experience fewer complications, recover more…

Identification of Pressure Passive Cerebral Perfusion and Its Mediators after Infant Cardiac Surgery

Identification of Pressure Passive Cerebral Perfusion and Its Mediators after Infant Cardiac Surgery

Absctract: Cerebrovascular pressure autoregulation (CPA) regulates cerebral blood flow (CBF) in relation to changes in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). Identification of a pressure-passive cerebral perfusion and the potentially modifiable physiologic factors underlying it has been difficult to achieve in sick infants. We previously validated the near-infrared spectroscopy-derived hemoglobin difference (HbD) signal (cerebral oxyhemoglobin –…

Cytomedix, Inc. Expands Patent Litigation Representation by Engaging Leading Litigation Firm

Cytomedix, Inc. Expands Patent Litigation Representation by Engaging Leading Litigation Firm

Cytomedix, Inc. (OTC BB:CYME.OB – News) today announced an expansion of the company’s patent litigation legal representation with the engagement of Fish & Richardson on a contingent fee basis.

Trasylol Reduces Bleeding in CABG Patients on Anti-Platelet Therapy

Trasylol Reduces Bleeding in CABG Patients on Anti-Platelet Therapy

In patients who require anti-platelet therapy, aprotinin (Trasylol; Bayer’s) reduces blood loss and the need for blood transfusions during and after coronary artery bypass surgery, Bayer said on Tuesday.

Avoidance of Bleeding During Surgery in Patients Receiving Anticoagulant and/or Antiplatelet Therapy : Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Considerations

Avoidance of Bleeding During Surgery in Patients Receiving Anticoagulant and/or Antiplatelet Therapy : Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Considerations

Perioperative management of chronically anticoagulated patients and/or patients treated with antiplatelet therapy is a complex medical problem.

Sinus Floor Augmentation With Simultaneous Placement of Dental Implants in the Presence of Platelet-Rich Plasma or Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7

Sinus Floor Augmentation With Simultaneous Placement of Dental Implants in the Presence of Platelet-Rich Plasma or Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible benefit of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in sinus grafting as compared with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-7 (rhBMP-7).

Early Hemofiltration Improves Survival in Post-Cardiotomy Patients With Acute Renal Failure

Early Hemofiltration Improves Survival in Post-Cardiotomy Patients With Acute Renal Failure

Early and aggressive use of CVVH is associated with better than expected survival in severe ARF after cardiac operations.

Red Blood Cell Aggregation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Pathogenic Cofactor in Endothelial Cell Activation?

Red Blood Cell Aggregation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Pathogenic Cofactor in Endothelial Cell Activation?

RBC aggregation significantly drooped as consequence of blood dilution and blood–material interaction.

Early Hemofiltration Improves Survival in Post-Cardiotomy Patients With Acute Renal Failure

Early Hemofiltration Improves Survival in Post-Cardiotomy Patients With Acute Renal Failure

Early and aggressive use of CVVH is associated with better than expected survival in severe ARF after cardiac operations.

Red Blood Cell Aggregation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Pathogenic Cofactor in Endothelial Cell Activation?

Red Blood Cell Aggregation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Pathogenic Cofactor in Endothelial Cell Activation?

RBC aggregation significantly drooped as consequence of blood dilution and blood–material interaction.

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Monitoring Cerebral Ischemia During Selective Cerebral Perfusion

Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Monitoring Cerebral Ischemia During Selective Cerebral Perfusion

A sustained drop in rSO2 during aortic surgery is closely related to the occurrence of neurological events following surgery.

Reduced Complement Activation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass Does Not Affect the Postoperative Acute Phase Response

Reduced Complement Activation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass Does Not Affect the Postoperative Acute Phase Response

Material-induced reduction of the inflammatory response during CPB does not affect the postoperative acute phase response.

Cerebral Activation of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases After Circulatory Arrest and Low Flow Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Cerebral Activation of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases After Circulatory Arrest and Low Flow Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Our results indicate that phosphorylated extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 may play a prominent role in early cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and endothelial dysfunction.

How Much Heparin Do We Really Need to Go on Pump? A Rethink of Current Practices

How Much Heparin Do We Really Need to Go on Pump? A Rethink of Current Practices

Patients receiving lower dose of heparin had lower postoperative blood loss.

The Effect of Methylprednisolone Treatment on the Cardiopulmonary Bypass-Induced Systemic Inflammatory Response

The Effect of Methylprednisolone Treatment on the Cardiopulmonary Bypass-Induced Systemic Inflammatory Response

The results indicate that a single low-dose of methylprednisolone (10mg/kg) reduces the inflammatory reaction during and after CPB, by inhibition of proinflammatory cytokine release and OFR generation after release of the aortic cross-clamp.

The Short Term Effects of Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Neurologic Function in Children and Young Adults

The Short Term Effects of Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Neurologic Function in Children and Young Adults

There are no marked adverse neurologic effects of CPB in school-age children and young adults undergoing non-complex open-heart surgery.

Descending Thoracic Aortic Rupture: Role of Endovascular Stent-Grafting

Descending Thoracic Aortic Rupture: Role of Endovascular Stent-Grafting

The early results of endovascular stent-grafting for the treatment of high-risk patients with descending thoracic aortic rupture are promising.

Does Clopidogrel Increase Blood Loss Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Does Clopidogrel Increase Blood Loss Following Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Clopidogrel within 4 days of coronary bypass surgery is associated with increased blood losses and reoperation for bleeding and, according to multivariable models, is an independent risk factor for increased transfusion requirements and prolonged ICU and hospital length of stay.

Platelet Gel Application

Treatment of Periapical Inflammatory Lesion With the Combination of Platelet-Rich Plasma and Tricalcium Phosphate: A Case Report

In this case report, use of platelet gel in conjunction with TCP in the treatment of periapical inflammatory lesion and the results of 12 months has been reported.

Descending Thoracic Aortic Rupture: Role of Endovascular Stent-Grafting

Descending Thoracic Aortic Rupture: Role of Endovascular Stent-Grafting

The early results of endovascular stent-grafting for the treatment of high-risk patients with descending thoracic aortic rupture are promising.

Aortic Atheroma Burden and Cognitive Dysfunction After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Aortic Atheroma Burden and Cognitive Dysfunction After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

Although the etiology of NCD is likely multifactorial, our results suggest that aortic atherosclerosis may not be the primary factor in the pathogenesis of post-CABG cognitive changes.

The Impact of Aortic Manipulation on Neurologic Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Risk-Adjusted Study

The Impact of Aortic Manipulation on Neurologic Outcomes After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Risk-Adjusted Study

Aortic manipulation during CABG is a contributing mechanism for postoperative stroke. The incidence of postoperative stroke increases with increased levels of aortic manipulation.