Anesthetic Management of Successful Extracorporeal Resuscitation After Six Hours of Cardiac Arrest Due to Severe Accidental Hypothermia

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Nov;35(11):3303-3306

Accidental hypothermia (AH) in Mediterranean countries often is underestimated. AH should be suspected in patients also in moderate climates throughout all seasons. Compared with other countries, the mortality rate due to AH in Spain is low, and hypothermia rarely is recognized and treated. The case of a patient who experienced cardiac arrest due to severe AH and was resuscitated for more than six hours using extracorporeal life support recently was published. Herein that case is reviewed, with the anesthetic management during cannulation detailed. In addition, the authors highlight how the application of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines is different in AH patients, how in-hospital (HOPE score) triage criteria should be applied, and how the establishment of clear standard operating procedures and education strategies should be promoted.